SpringBoot 系列 (八):SpringBoot 中的事务处理

发布于: 2020 年 08 月 16 日
SpringBoot系列(八):SpringBoot 中的事务处理




       SpringBoot事务机制实质上就是Spring的事务机制,是采用统一的机制处理来自不同数据访问技术的事务处理,提供了一个接口 PlatformTransactionManager,已经为不同数据访问技术可以进行不同的实现,如下表。



* Copyright 2002-2012 the original author or authors.
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
package org.springframework.transaction;
import org.springframework.lang.Nullable;
* This is the central interface in Spring's transaction infrastructure.
* Applications can use this directly, but it is not primarily meant as API:
* Typically, applications will work with either TransactionTemplate or
* declarative transaction demarcation through AOP.
* <p>For implementors, it is recommended to derive from the provided
* {@link org.springframework.transaction.support.AbstractPlatformTransactionManager}
* class, which pre-implements the defined propagation behavior and takes care
* of transaction synchronization handling. Subclasses have to implement
* template methods for specific states of the underlying transaction,
* for example: begin, suspend, resume, commit.
* <p>The default implementations of this strategy interface are
* {@link org.springframework.transaction.jta.JtaTransactionManager} and
* {@link org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager},
* which can serve as an implementation guide for other transaction strategies.
* @author Rod Johnson
* @author Juergen Hoeller
* @since 16.05.2003
* @see org.springframework.transaction.support.TransactionTemplate
* @see org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionInterceptor
* @see org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionProxyFactoryBean
public interface PlatformTransactionManager {
* Return a currently active transaction or create a new one, according to
* the specified propagation behavior.
* <p>Note that parameters like isolation level or timeout will only be applied
* to new transactions, and thus be ignored when participating in active ones.
* <p>Furthermore, not all transaction definition settings will be supported
* by every transaction manager: A proper transaction manager implementation
* should throw an exception when unsupported settings are encountered.
* <p>An exception to the above rule is the read-only flag, which should be
* ignored if no explicit read-only mode is supported. Essentially, the
* read-only flag is just a hint for potential optimization.
* @param definition TransactionDefinition instance (can be {@code null} for defaults),
* describing propagation behavior, isolation level, timeout etc.
* @return transaction status object representing the new or current transaction
* @throws TransactionException in case of lookup, creation, or system errors
* @throws IllegalTransactionStateException if the given transaction definition
* cannot be executed (for example, if a currently active transaction is in
* conflict with the specified propagation behavior)
* @see TransactionDefinition#getPropagationBehavior
* @see TransactionDefinition#getIsolationLevel
* @see TransactionDefinition#getTimeout
* @see TransactionDefinition#isReadOnly
TransactionStatus getTransaction(@Nullable TransactionDefinition definition) throws TransactionException;
* Commit the given transaction, with regard to its status. If the transaction
* has been marked rollback-only programmatically, perform a rollback.
* <p>If the transaction wasn't a new one, omit the commit for proper
* participation in the surrounding transaction. If a previous transaction
* has been suspended to be able to create a new one, resume the previous
* transaction after committing the new one.
* <p>Note that when the commit call completes, no matter if normally or
* throwing an exception, the transaction must be fully completed and
* cleaned up. No rollback call should be expected in such a case.
* <p>If this method throws an exception other than a TransactionException,
* then some before-commit error caused the commit attempt to fail. For
* example, an O/R Mapping tool might have tried to flush changes to the
* database right before commit, with the resulting DataAccessException
* causing the transaction to fail. The original exception will be
* propagated to the caller of this commit method in such a case.
* @param status object returned by the {@code getTransaction} method
* @throws UnexpectedRollbackException in case of an unexpected rollback
* that the transaction coordinator initiated
* @throws HeuristicCompletionException in case of a transaction failure
* caused by a heuristic decision on the side of the transaction coordinator
* @throws TransactionSystemException in case of commit or system errors
* (typically caused by fundamental resource failures)
* @throws IllegalTransactionStateException if the given transaction
* is already completed (that is, committed or rolled back)
* @see TransactionStatus#setRollbackOnly
void commit(TransactionStatus status) throws TransactionException;
* Perform a rollback of the given transaction.
* <p>If the transaction wasn't a new one, just set it rollback-only for proper
* participation in the surrounding transaction. If a previous transaction
* has been suspended to be able to create a new one, resume the previous
* transaction after rolling back the new one.
* <p><b>Do not call rollback on a transaction if commit threw an exception.</b>
* The transaction will already have been completed and cleaned up when commit
* returns, even in case of a commit exception. Consequently, a rollback call
* after commit failure will lead to an IllegalTransactionStateException.
* @param status object returned by the {@code getTransaction} method
* @throws TransactionSystemException in case of rollback or system errors
* (typically caused by fundamental resource failures)
* @throws IllegalTransactionStateException if the given transaction
* is already completed (that is, committed or rolled back)
void rollback(TransactionStatus status) throws TransactionException;




public void insertUser(User user) {






package org.springframework.transaction.annotation;
import java.lang.annotation.Documented;
import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;
import java.lang.annotation.Inherited;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.annotation.Target;
import org.springframework.core.annotation.AliasFor;
import org.springframework.transaction.TransactionDefinition;
@Target({ElementType.METHOD, ElementType.TYPE})
public @interface Transactional {
String value() default "";
String transactionManager() default "";
Propagation propagation() default Propagation.REQUIRED;
Isolation isolation() default Isolation.DEFAULT;
int timeout() default TransactionDefinition.TIMEOUT_DEFAULT;
boolean readOnly() default false;
Class<? extends Throwable>[] rollbackFor() default {};
String[] rollbackForClassName() default {};
Class<? extends Throwable>[] noRollbackFor() default {};
String[] noRollbackForClassName() default {};



发布于: 2020 年 08 月 16 日 阅读数: 53



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SpringBoot系列(八):SpringBoot 中的事务处理