SpringBoot 分布式验证码登录方案

发布于: 19 小时前
SpringBoot分布式验证码登录方案

基于验证码的轮子还是挺多的,本文就以Kaptcha这个项目为例,通过springboot项目集成Kaptcha来实现验证码生成和登录方案。

Kaptcha介绍



Kaptcha是一个基于SimpleCaptcha的验证码开源项目

我找的这个轮子是基于SimpleCaptcha二次封装的,maven依赖如下

<!--Kaptcha是一个基于SimpleCaptcha的验证码开源项目-->
<dependency>
<groupId>com.github.penggle</groupId>
<artifactId>kaptcha</artifactId>
<version>2.3.2</version>
</dependency>



新建项目并加入依赖



依赖主要有 SpringBoot、Kaptcha、Redis

pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<groupId>com.lzp</groupId>
<artifactId>kaptcha</artifactId>
<version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
<parent>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
<version>2.3.0.RELEASE</version>
<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
</parent>
<dependencies>
<!--Kaptcha是一个基于SimpleCaptcha的验证码开源项目-->
<dependency>
<groupId>com.github.penggle</groupId>
<artifactId>kaptcha</artifactId>
<version>2.3.2</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
</dependency>
<!-- redis依赖commons-pool 这个依赖一定要添加 -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
<artifactId>commons-pool2</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
<artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
<version>1.2.3</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
<artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>
</project>



Redis配置类RedisConfig

@Configuration
public class RedisConfig {
@Bean
public RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate(LettuceConnectionFactory redisConnectionFactory){
RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate = new RedisTemplate<String, Object>();
redisTemplate.setKeySerializer(new StringRedisSerializer());
redisTemplate.setValueSerializer(new GenericJackson2JsonRedisSerializer());
redisTemplate.setHashKeySerializer(new StringRedisSerializer());
redisTemplate.setHashValueSerializer(new GenericJackson2JsonRedisSerializer());
redisTemplate.setConnectionFactory(redisConnectionFactory);
return redisTemplate;
}
}



验证码配置类KaptchaConfig

@Configuration
public class KaptchaConfig {
@Bean
public DefaultKaptcha producer() {
DefaultKaptcha defaultKaptcha = new DefaultKaptcha();
Properties properties = new Properties();
properties.setProperty("kaptcha.border", "no");
properties.setProperty("kaptcha.border.color", "105,179,90");
properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.font.color", "black");
properties.setProperty("kaptcha.image.width", "110");
properties.setProperty("kaptcha.image.height", "40");
properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.char.string","23456789abcdefghkmnpqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHKMNPRSTUVWXYZ");
properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.font.size", "30");
properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.char.space","3");
properties.setProperty("kaptcha.session.key", "code");
properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.char.length", "4");
properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.font.names", "宋体,楷体,微软雅黑");
properties.setProperty("kaptcha.noise.impl","com.google.code.kaptcha.impl.NoNoise");
Config config = new Config(properties);
defaultKaptcha.setConfig(config);
return defaultKaptcha;
}
}



验证码控制层CaptchaController

import com.google.code.kaptcha.impl.DefaultKaptcha;
import com.lzp.kaptcha.service.CaptchaService;
import com.lzp.kaptcha.vo.CaptchaVO;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import sun.misc.BASE64Encoder;
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/captcha")
public class CaptchaController {
@Autowired
private DefaultKaptcha producer;
@Autowired
private CaptchaService captchaService;
@ResponseBody
@GetMapping("/get")
public CaptchaVO getCaptcha() throws IOException {
// 生成文字验证码
String content = producer.createText();
// 生成图片验证码
ByteArrayOutputStream outputStream = null;
BufferedImage image = producer.createImage(content);
outputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
ImageIO.write(image, "jpg", outputStream);
// 对字节数组Base64编码
BASE64Encoder encoder = new BASE64Encoder();
String str = "data:image/jpeg;base64,";
String base64Img = str + encoder.encode(outputStream.toByteArray()).replace("\n", "").replace("\r", "");
CaptchaVO captchaVO = captchaService.cacheCaptcha(content);
captchaVO.setBase64Img(base64Img);
return captchaVO;
}
}



验证码返回对象CaptchaVO

public class CaptchaVO {
/**
* 验证码标识符
*/
private String captchaKey;
/**
* 验证码过期时间
*/
private Long expire;
/**
* base64字符串
*/
private String base64Img;
public String getCaptchaKey() {
return captchaKey;
}
public void setCaptchaKey(String captchaKey) {
this.captchaKey = captchaKey;
}
public Long getExpire() {
return expire;
}
public void setExpire(Long expire) {
this.expire = expire;
}
public String getBase64Img() {
return base64Img;
}
public void setBase64Img(String base64Img) {
this.base64Img = base64Img;
}
}



验证码方法层CaptchaService

import com.lzp.kaptcha.utils.RedisUtils;
import com.lzp.kaptcha.vo.CaptchaVO;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import java.util.UUID;
@Service
public class CaptchaService {
@Value("${server.session.timeout:300}")
private Long timeout;
@Autowired
private RedisUtils redisUtils;
private final String CAPTCHA_KEY = "captcha:verification:";
public CaptchaVO cacheCaptcha(String captcha) {
//生成一个随机标识符
String captchaKey = UUID.randomUUID().toString();
//缓存验证码并设置过期时间
redisUtils.set(CAPTCHA_KEY.concat(captchaKey),captcha,timeout);
CaptchaVO captchaVO = new CaptchaVO();
captchaVO.setCaptchaKey(captchaKey);
captchaVO.setExpire(timeout);
return captchaVO;
}
}



用户登录对象封装LoginDTO

public class LoginDTO {
private String userName;
private String pwd;
private String captchaKey;
private String captcha;
public String getUserName() {
return userName;
}
public void setUserName(String userName) {
this.userName = userName;
}
public String getPwd() {
return pwd;
}
public void setPwd(String pwd) {
this.pwd = pwd;
}
public String getCaptchaKey() {
return captchaKey;
}
public void setCaptchaKey(String captchaKey) {
this.captchaKey = captchaKey;
}
public String getCaptcha() {
return captcha;
}
public void setCaptcha(String captcha) {
this.captcha = captcha;
}
}



登录控制层UserController

import com.lzp.kaptcha.dto.LoginDTO;
import com.lzp.kaptcha.utils.RedisUtils;
import com.lzp.kaptcha.vo.UserVO;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/user")
public class UserController {
@Autowired
private RedisUtils redisUtils;
@PostMapping("/login")
public UserVO login(@RequestBody LoginDTO loginDTO) {
Object captch = redisUtils.get(loginDTO.getCaptchaKey());
if(captch == null) {
// throw 验证码已过期
}
if(!loginDTO.getCaptcha().equals(captch)) {
// throw 验证码错误
}
// 查询用户信息
//判断用户是否存在 不存在抛出用户名密码错误
//判断密码是否正确,不正确抛出用户名密码错误
//构造返回到前端的用户对象并封装信息和生成token
return new UserVO();
}
}



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Bruce Duan

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做最好版本的自己 2020.05.01 加入

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SpringBoot分布式验证码登录方案